The word Turmeric is driven from a Latin word “ Terra Merita” reflecting the color of ground turmeric. Turmeric is a flowering plant. Turmeric or Haldi also is known as Curcuma Longa, a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant. The turmeric is an ancient spice which is still popular in Pakistan or in many other Asian countries.
Turmeric comes from the long roots of the Curcuma Longa Plant, the leaves grow alternate and arranged into two rows. The turmeric plant is divided into to leaf sheath, petiole and leaf blade. It has a tough brown skin and a deep orange flash. It has a peppery, warm and bitter taste.
Turmeric plants have long been used as an anti-inflammatory in Asia or all around the world. It belongs to a Zingiber family and can grow from sea level to 50mm. A plant needs 29-30*C temperature with the rainfall 1500mm annually. Which shows that these plants grow in tropical areas.
Turmeric, the golden color strong bitter taste spice has a wide established history. Turmeric is being used by us from the last 4000 years. This ancient spice served for centuries as both in medicine and food. It has a long history of use in all around the world. Turmeric has approximately 40 different genres and 400 spices. But the most common varieties of turmeric is Curcumin Longa, Curcuma Amanda, Curcuma Aromatic, Curcuma Zedoaria. Every region and country gives a name to turmeric according to their culture, like in North India they named turmeric plant as “Haldi” and in south turmeric plant named as “ Manjal”. In many regions, Turmeric plants are known as “Yellow roots”. In the different parts of the world turmeric called “Saffron” because of its rich color. The history which starts 4000 years ago is still counting.
Turmeric is an aromatic medicine plant. It contains natural healing properties. In medicine, it is been using from the last 4000 years. It was about 500 BCE, that turmeric emerged as a key part of Ayurvedic medicine. In medicine it is used in different forms, it is used in folk medicine to treat a variety of ailments in animals and humans. It is also used as a paste to cure any skin infection, cuts injuries, vertigo, sprains, diabetes wounds and in so many other diseases related to skin. It can also be taken in oral form as a pill, as it works against flatulence, diarrhea, biliary and hepatic disorder.